What to Expect

You are embarking on an adventure in a place and amongst people whose lives are very different from your own.

Many aspects of life in Peru may seem unusual. Remember that these are often the same aspects that make an area an exotic and attractive destination. In addition to the personal physical challenges you may face, travel conditions can present unexpected obstacles, such as rough and bumpy roads and changeable weather.

To prepare for this “pack” a flexible and relaxed attitude. Bring a spirit of adventure and inquiry, a healthy sense of humor, and a willingness to encounter the unexpected and you will find your trip to Peru the adventure of a lifetime!

Travel Documents

A valid passport is required by all foreigners traveling to Peru.

Passports must have at least 6 months before they expire.

Peru Tourist Visa

For Visitors to Peru, Visa’s are free of charge and can be obtained on arrival in Lima.

For those who may want to stay in Chile on the way or way back (via Santiago), you will need to pay a reciprocity fee (Australian and Mexican Citizens only). The fee for Australians is US$117

For the most up to date entry and travel advice, please always refer to

Hotel Accommodation


Hotel accommodation details: The Holiday Inn, Corner Waigani Driver & Wards Road Waigani Ph: +675 303 2000  (Australian, Local Led, and School trips).


Emergency Medical Evacuation Insurance is mandatory for all trekkers. Trip cancellation insurance will reimburse you for any non-recoverable air or land expenses should you have to cancel your trip due to personal or family illness or leave the expedition early due to other reasons. It will also cover any emergency medical evacuation expenses should you become ill during the expedition. We strongly recommend that you take out baggage loss and accident insurance. You can avail such policies in most western countries. In the event that an aircraft evacuation is required, No Roads Expeditions will undertake to arrange the evacuation on the condition that the expenses will be reimbursed by the passenger before departing the country. You can obtain the correct insurance, assured you will be covered for evacuation through our website at

Please bring 2 copies of your Travel Insurance Certificate to PNG to give to your Guide. Please make sure you also carry a copy for yourself whilst travelling.  

If you should receive an injury 12 months prior to your travel date, you must contact the insurance company with details to ensure you are covered for this injury whilst travelling. Should you not do this and you require medical assistance for this injury whilst travelling you may not be covered by the insurance company.

Note: Accidents caused by the inappropriate consumption of alcohol or drugs may void your travel insurance.

It sits on top of a mountain, at 2,430 metres within a tropical forest, offering spectacular scenery, with significant endemic biodiversity of flora and fauna


Travelers whose itineraries will take them above an altitude of 1,829-2,438 m (6,000-8,000 ft) should be aware of the risk of altitude illness. Travelers are exposed to higher altitudes in a number of ways: by flying into a high-altitude city, by driving to a high-altitude destination, or by hiking or climbing in high mountains. Examples of high-altitude cities with airports are Cuzco, Peru (3,000 m; 11,000 ft); La Paz, Bolivia (3,444 m; 11,300 ft); or Lhasa, Tibet (3,749 m; 12,500 ft).

Travelers differ considerably in their susceptibility to altitude illness, and there are currently no screening tests that predict whether someone is at greater risk for altitude illness. Susceptibility to altitude illness appears to be inherent in some way and is not affected by training or physical fitness. How a traveler has responded in the past to exposure to high altitude is the most reliable guide for future trips but is not infallible.

Travelers with underlying medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, myocardial ischemia (angina), sickle cell disease, or any form of pulmonary insufficiency, should be advised to consult a doctor familiar with high-altitude illness before undertaking such travel. The risk of new ischemic heart disease in previously healthy travelers does not appear to be increased at high altitudes.

Altitude illness is divided into three syndromes: acute mountain sickness (AMS), high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), and high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). AMS is the most common form of altitude illness and, while it can occur at altitudes as low as 1,219-1,829 m (4,000-6,000 ft), most often it occurs in abrupt ascents to >2,743 meters (>9,000 ft). The symptoms resemble those of an alcohol hangover: headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and, occasionally, vomiting. The onset of AMS is delayed, usually beginning 6-12 hours after arrival at a higher altitude, but occasionally >24 hours after ascent.

HACE is considered a severe progression of AMS. In addition to the AMS symptoms, lethargy becomes profound, confusion can manifest, and ataxia will be demonstrated during the tandem gait test. A traveler who fails the tandem gait test has HACE by definition, and immediate descent is mandatory.

HAPE can occur by itself or in conjunction with HACE. The initial symptoms are increased breathlessness with exertion, and eventually increased breathlessness at rest. The diagnosis can usually be made when breathlessness fails to resolve after several minutes of rest. At this point, it is critical to descend to a lower altitude. HAPE can be more rapidly fatal than HACE.

Determining an itinerary that will avoid any occurrence of altitude illness is difficult because of variations in individual susceptibility, as well as in starting points and terrain. The main point of instructing travelers about altitude illness is not to prevent any possibility of altitude illness, but to prevent the person from dying of altitude illness. The onset of symptoms and clinical course are slow enough and predictable enough that there is no reason for someone to die from altitude illness unless trapped by weather or geography in a situation in which descent is impossible. The three rules that travelers should be made aware of to prevent death from altitude illness are:

  • Learn the early symptoms of altitude illness and be willing to admit that you have them.

  • Never ascend to sleep at a higher altitude when experiencing any of the symptoms of altitude illness, no matter how minor they seem.

  • Descend if the symptoms become worse while resting at the same altitude.

Studies have shown that travelers who are on organized group treks to high-altitude locations are more likely to die of altitude illness than travelers who are by themselves. This is most likely the result of group pressure (whether perceived or real) and a fixed itinerary. The most important aspect of preventing severe altitude illness is to refrain from further ascent until all symptoms of altitude illness have disappeared.

Children are as susceptible to altitude illness as adults, and young children who cannot talk can show very nonspecific symptoms, such as loss of appetite and irritability. There are no studies or case reports of harm to a fetus if the mother travels briefly to high altitude during pregnancy. However, most authorities recommend that pregnant women stay below 3,658 m (12,000 ft) if possible.

Three medications have been shown to be useful in the prevention and treatment of altitude illness. Acetazolamide (Diamox; Lederle Pharmaceutical, Pearl River, NY) can prevent AMS when taken before ascent and can speed recovery if taken after symptoms have developed. The drug appears to work by acidifying the blood, which causes an increase in respiration and thus aids in acclimatization. An effective dose that minimizes the common side effects of increased urination, along with paresthesias of the fingers and toes, is 125 mg every 12 hours, beginning the day of ascent. However, most clinical trials have been done with higher doses of 250 mg two or three times a day. Allergic reactions to acetazolamide are extremely rare, but the drug is related to sulfonamides and should not be used by sulfa-allergic persons, unless a trial dose is taken in a safe environment before travel.

Dexamethasone has been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of AMS and HACE. The drug prevents or improves symptoms, but there is no evidence that it aids acclimatization. Thus, there is a risk of a sudden onset or worsening of symptoms if the traveler stops taking the drug while ascending. It is preferable for the traveler to use acetazolamide to prevent AMS while ascending and to reserve the use of dexamethasone to treat symptoms while trying to descend. The dosage for both indications is 4 mg every 6 hours.

Nifedipine has been shown to prevent and ameliorate HAPE in persons who are particularly susceptible to HAPE. The dosage is 10-20 mg every 8 hours.

Newer medications have recently been tried to help prevent AMS and HAPE. In two small trials, gingko biloba, an herbal remedy, was shown to reduce the symptoms of AMS when taken before ascent. Gingko has not yet been compared with acetazolamide, although a study is planned. Inhaled salmeterol (a beta-adrenergic agonist) was demonstrated to help prevent HAPE in a small group of climbers who had previously shown susceptibility to HAPE. Whether salmeterol will prove beneficial in a more general population remains to be seen. The mechanism of action of salmeterol suggests that it could be of benefit in treating already established HAPE, but there are no studies yet to confirm this.

For most travelers, the best way to avoid altitude illness is to plan a gradual ascent, with extra rest days at intermediate altitudes. If this is not possible, acetazolamide may be used prophylactically, and dexamethasone and nifedipine may be carried for emergencies.

No Roads Expeditions trip itineraries have been professionally designed to minimize the affects of altitude sickness. Extensive medical kits are carried on all our trips. In addition, Portable Altitude Chamber (a life saving device in case of AMS) is being carried as precautions on high altitude treks and climbing expeditions. All our group leaders / guides are well trained in Wilderness First Aid Course to recognize any symptoms and to act accordingly on the very spot.


You will carry your own personal backpack all of the way, so only bring the bare essentials. You should pack your personal gear into a medium size (70 – 80 litre) lightweight pack (preferably waterproof with an internal frame). We encourage you to visit your local outdoor equipment specialist to purchase a proper and comfortable backpack. If you do not wish to purchase one, No Roads Expeditions can hire a backpack to you for $70 per trip. The pack will be presented to you in Port Moresby the day before the expedition. You may find it helpful to pack your personal items in garbage bags or zip lock plastic bags to protect them from the wet, especially your camera, toilet rolls and confectionery. If you wish to lighten your load we can provide a personal guide for $720.


To sleep ON, No Roads will supply foam sleep mats. These are really only adequate to protect your own thin inflatable mattress. To sleep IN, we suggest you bring a two season sleeping bag rated at Zero Degrees Celsius.


Most experienced trekkers recommend wearing shorts because they are comfortable and there is one point where you will wade knee-deep through running creeks. Leeches are not really a problem anymore.


Camera, film, camera batteries, lens cleaner & paper.- A small supply of favorite snacks – bigger supply for longer and remote area trips.

If you have any questions regarding the above list or any other items that you want to ask about please contact us. We can provide you additional information at any time.

To download our handy Packing Check List

  • Passport
  • Insurance Papers (3 copies)
  • Tourist Visa
  • International Airtickets
  • Trek and Hotel Money (approx. 600 kina)
  • Plastic Zip Lock bags for paperwork
  • Backpack and backpack cover
  • Daypack and cover if you are employing a Personal Guide
  • Trekking poles
  • Inner pack liner (garbage bag)
  • Waterproof dry bags for clothes
  • 2 or 3 litre Bladder
  • 1 litre water bottle
  • Snack Pack and any other lollies and nuts
  • Additional Energy or Snack Food
  • Electrolyte Powder
  • Short Gaiter
  • Wide brim hat
  • Hiking Shoes or boots
  • Hiking socks (3 pairs)
  • Spare bootlaces
  • Sunglasses
  • Small sweat towel
  • Quick dry shirt long or short sleeve
  • Quick dry shorts
  • Underwear (4 pairs) Note: consider bike shorts as well
  • Poncho or light weight rain jacket
  • Sports Bra or Comfortable Bra
  • Sandals with closed toe (no Crocs or thongs)
  • Light weight thermal top (optional)
  • Light weight quick dry trousers
  • t shirt or thermal (to sleep in)
  • Bathers (modest)
  • Beanie (optional)
  • Sarong (optional)
  • Socks for at camp
  • Sleeping Bag 2 Season +5 degrees
  • Sleeping bag liner (optional)
  • Inflatable mattress
  • Pillow Case (optional)
  • Headlamp or Torch
  • Spare batteries for the torch
  • Quick-dry towel
  • Earplugs (optional)
  • Clothesline (optional)
  • Mosquito net and 5 m of cord (if you plan to sleep in huts)
  • Multi-tool (optional)
  • Waterproof camera
  • Spare camera batteries
  • Spare camera memory cards
  • Battlefield notes
  • Cable ties to repair equipment


You may be asking what is the Pumahuacachi?

The Pumahuacachi (known locally as ‘the one that makes the puma cry’), is a very small sand fly that you cannot detect biting you but you will know later with a welting of the skin and itching.

Prevention is indeed always better than cure:

    • Wear long sleeve shirts and pants
    • Wear insect repellent with a high DEET factor. Though we have mixed reports of this.
    • There is a local repellent that can be purchased in Cusco that is apparently very effective

Luggage Allowance

12KG per Person on domestic flights in PNG
(checked baggage)

For trekking expeditions, general guides will carry up to 20kg (this is 2kg smaller than the internationally accepted limit, though they normally carry between 15kg and 18kg). If you have additional weight there will be an extra baggage charge of $10 per kilo over 12kg on the flight to Kokoda. We, therefore, encourage you to keep your pack weight as light as possible. If you are utilizing the services of a Personal Guide, so will also have a Day Pack (which will be carried as cabin baggage), please ensure the weight of this stays under 5kg.

All trekkers must make special efforts to get in top physical condition for the trip they have signed for.


All trekkers must make special efforts to get in top physical condition for the trip they have signed for. Every participant should consult a physician well before the expedition date and make sure that they do not suffer from any chronic heart, lungs, cerebral, physical or any other serious illness. As your service provider and hosts, we will take all necessary steps needed to evacuate injured or ill clients on the understanding that all costs involved will be paid to us before leaving the country (see Insurance).

The following is a basic training regime for the next few months. You do not need to be superman to complete the expedition but the fitter you are the more enjoyable you will find it. All members should be either walking or jogging everyday, where possible. Resistance and endurance training (i.e.: stair climbing, hills, inclines and anything that goes in the upward direction). At least 1/2 an hour per day should be a minimum.

To make jogging / walking interesting try the local parks or the odd mountain or three. Also invite a friend along, that way both of you will benefit from the exercise and you have someone to talk to.

Upper body strength is also important. A person with overall muscle tone is going to be far better off than someone who has sculpted their body for aesthetics. For those without access to gyms, pushups and sit-ups and chin-ups are excellent. All can be done at home or when you are out jogging.

Below is a small exercise regime, which will condition and tone muscle groups necessary to enable you to cope with the rigors of the Kokoda Track region.

Sit-ups: repetitions of 20 daily – increasing by 5 at the beginning of each week – max level 50

Pushups: repetitions of 10 daily – increasing by 5 at the beginning of each week – max level 100

Chin-ups: repetitions of 5 daily – increasing by 5 at the beginning of each week – max level 30

If you have a gym at your disposal then aerobic exercise, boxercise and the like are all excellent ways to increase your oxygen intake capacity and muscle fitness. Swimming is a low-impact exercise but has the same benefits as aerobic exercise. If you don’t like to perspire then give swimming a try.

The secret is to do exercises that simulate what the expedition will be like, so hiking with a pack up and down hills for a few hours is ideal. We all have busy lifestyles so if this is not possible, a hike into the hills every 2 or 3 weeks would be beneficial.

We hope this helps you all enjoy your time on the expedition.

The following are suggested walks for various places around Australia that will help with your training.


Waterfall Gully to Mt Lofty is a good start; twice up and down in around 200 minutes. The “goat track” up Chambers Gully is the closest we found to what you will experience on Kokoda. About 15 minutes up; its narrow and very steep. 3 times up and down or a couple up and then along Long Ridge to Mt Lofty summit and back is a good work out.

Another great walk is the Onkaparinga Gorge Loop Trail and Lookout, Sundews Ridge Hike. It’s a Grade 3 Moderate walk for about 2 hours but you can extend it onto other Tracks.

Click below to a link that explains this walk and other great walks in South Australia.


In the north suburbs near the airport and botanical gardens is the “red arrow” walk (45 minutes – up & down) and at the top is the ‘blue arrow’ walk (150 minutes – up & around). Great walk to do with a pack. You can also go on the Green arrow walk to Whitfield.

Up the Redlynch valley is the Crystal Cascades walking track (120 minutes – up & down). In the southern suburbs in Bayview Heights (top of Crest Close) is the Copperlode Dam walking track (200 minutes). At Gordonvale in the south is the Pyramid Mountain walk (380 minutes – up & down). This is the best for Kokoda training.


Castle hill is a good track, but is short and can be done several times from different directions with tracks leading onto each other.


Mt Archer has a good short walk that can be done from several different sides.

Brisbane & Sunshine Coast

The “Hinterland Great Walk” – Maleny to Mapleton. This is 58 km overall but is broken into 5 different circuits you can do. There are ample good climbs for the legs. Great multi day walking.

Mt Cooroora at Pomona (just north of Noosa). The hardest climb but probably not long enough. Walking this twice is a really good training walk. Very steep and challenging with a full pack.

Mt Coolum. This is also an honest climb but a little short and the descent is quite easy. You can walk up from the carpark and there is another trail that goes over the back of the mountain back down. Then walk back up and then walk back down to carpark.

Glasshouse Mountains – There are plenty of walks out there, such as Mt Tibrogargan. You can do a fairly basic long-distance walk before a steep ascent up the mountain. The climb has rough and unstable terrain which sort of mirrors some of the stuff in PNG.

Within Caloundra, there is a boardwalk (mostly flat) that stretches for miles in both directions.

Gold Coast Hinterland

Springbrook national park

Mt Cougal and Springbrook pinnacle are good walks for Kokoda.


There are several good walks around Melbourne for training.

In the Dandenongs are the 1000 Steps (45 mins up and back) at Upper Ferntree Gully and the Glasgow Track (45 minutes up and back) at the end of Glasgow Rd in Montrose.

Other more out of town walks are the You Yangs (2-3hrs walking) out of Geelong, Mt Macedon (2-4 hrs walking) north of Melbourne, Mt Martha (2-3hrs walking) on the Mornington Peninsula and Mt Donna Buang (5hrs walking) near Warburton. This last one is the best for Kokoda and is only 1 to 1.5 hrs from Melbourne.


There are plenty of walks around Sydney that are perfect for training. These are a few ideas.

Berowra Waters along the Great North Walk. A very enjoyable and scenic 17 km walk. Together with a few steep climbs the trail is very good.

Blue Mountains at Glenbrook. This is a trek/scramble/bushbash/mountain climb/hike through the Glenbrook Gorge, up the mountain side to Portal Lookout and back along the trails over the Causeway and back to the gates of the National Park. Fantastic scenery along the way. Along the way there are several sections (like creek crossings and rock walls) that will require a bit of teamwork.

Ku-ring-gai National Park. Start at the Gibberong Track Wahroonga and walk down to Bobbin Head. From there walk back up the Bobbin Head track, back down the Sphinx Track and along the Warrimoo Track back to Bobbin Head for lunch. From there walk around to Apple Tree bay and then head out of the park via Birrawanna and Kalkari Tracks. Should take about 5 hours plus lunch. It will mean leaving cars at both Wahroonga and Mount Colah.

Walk from Patonga to Mt Wondabyne Station on the Great North Walk (18 km). It should take about 4 to 5 hours to walk this section. Arrive at Mt Wondabyne Station.

Depending on the time, you can do another return walk from the Station towards Pindar Caves & Pool. This walk return is about 11kms. Catch the train from Wondabyne Station back to Brooklyn. The train leaves on the half-hour every hour.

Meet at the “Explorer’s Tree” in Katoomba. This tree is on the Great Western Highway, on your left just west of Katoomba. Look for Nellies Glen Road on your left. There is parking available. The walk is approx 15.5kms each way. The elevation change is 800m each way. The walk down should take approx 3 1/2 hrs. Plan to spend no more than one hour at Cox’s river for lunch and swim before heading back up. Please bring your cozies and towel if keen for a dip. The walk back up should take 5 to 6 hrs and have you back between 5:30 and 6:30 pm. Be sure to bring plenty of food and drink. Water is available from Cox’s river at the bottom. You will need lots of energy for this walk so it is important to keep eating and drinking along the way.


Stockyard Spur Day Hike is a 13km hike in Namadgi National Park. This trek takes around 4 hours to complete and has quite a steep incline for the first 2km and then becomes more undulating for the remainder to the summit. This is a grade 4 walk that helps to prepare you for the many steep inclines and declines that you will come across along the Kokoda Track.

You begin this trek at Corin Dam Car Park.

Mt Tennent is a 15km hike starting at Namadgi Visitor Centre after hours car park. This hike can take up to six hours to complete and is a challenging trek. This trek is undulating with steep sections. It is a popular hiking track.


Drinking water along the Kokoda Track is collected from a variety of water sources. Some of the creeks you pass through may be crystal clear, free flowing and safe to drink from. Your guide will know which is which. Some villages have good drinkable water supplies recently installed by AusAID-funded projects.

Note: However, no matter how safe the water may be, we insist that all trekkers use either water purification tablets such as Aquatab (iodine) or Steri Pen.

**No Roads Expeditions will provide you with one litre of electrolyte replacement tablets per day (hydralyte), this helps stave off cramping and dehydration.


On top of the normal health considerations, women are advised to bring a tube of Canesten and an applicator. The Canesten is used for the treatment of thrush (which can be very painful if left untreated) and can be applied to both internal and external thrush. 

We also recommend that women bring a sarong to wrap around their bathing suits whilst bathing to respect the countries cultural sensitivities.


All trekkers are recommended to carry a personal first aid kit with medicines for common ailments, cuts and bruises, pain killers, etc. Anyone using any prescription medicines regularly should carry a supply for the whole duration of their expedition. Please consult your doctor and include items and medicines that may be required for you or for the area you are traveling in. No Roads does not supply any medicines and takes no legal responsibility for any medical treatment or professional medical support to our clients.

We will do everything we can to support guests that have disclosed a medical condition, allergy or anaphylaxis, by informing all in country personnel and ensuring reasonable provisions are made. We do however, suggest and encourage all guests in this situation to assist us by reconfirming this information in situations or instances where it may be required to ensure everyone has a safe and enjoyable adventure experience.

*If you have something you are particularly prone to such as ear infections, sinus problems or mild asthma bring what you need with you.

The No Roads Guide will be carrying an extensive Wilderness First Aid Kit.

Your personal first aid kit should contain:

Band aids, Paracetamol, Deep Heat or other muscle liniment, Blister pads, Crepe bandages, Antibiotic cream for cuts and scratches, ‘Imodium’ tablets, Strapping tape (for knees and ankles), Anti chaffing cream e.g. Pawpaw cream, Foot powder, Waterless hand disinfectant, Anti-malarial drugs (see your doctor), Anti-inflammatory cream, Broad-spectrum antibiotic tablets, Anti-Nausea Tablets.


No vaccinations are required for entry to PNG. However you should consider cholera, typhoid and hepatitis vaccinations and make sure your tetanus cover is up to date. Please consult your doctor on these matters.

Typhoid: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 2 weeks before travel.

Hepatitis A: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 2 weeks before travel.

Cholera: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 2 weeks before travel.

Tuberculosis: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 3 months before travel.

Hepatitis B: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 2 months before travel.

Yellow fever: Certificate of vaccination required if arriving from an area with a risk of yellow fever transmission for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 10 days before travel.

Japanese B encephalitis: Recommended for Papua New Guinea. Ideally 1 month before travel.

Malaria: Consider this seriously.

Polio: Recommend a Polio booster. Ideally 4-6 weeks before travel.

Plan ahead for getting your vaccinations. Some of them require an initial shot followed by a booster, while some vaccinations should not be given together. This also applies to some malaria prophylactics, which have to be begun at least a week before you leave home.


The currency in PNG is the Kina (K). Exchange rates vary depending on the strength of the US dollar. Cash and Australian Dollars are readily accepted and can be exchanged for Kina at the airport, hotels or banks in any major city. Credit cards such as American Express, Visa and MasterCard are accepted in many hotels, shops and restaurants in major towns and cities. Bankcard is not accepted in PNG. ATM,s are also available to access in major hotels, banks and major cities. For spending money while on expedition it is best to have money in local currency (K).

The best place to exchange $Aus for Kina is at the Port Moresby airport. We do however recommend you exchange some money prior to departing Australia, approximately $100 to take into PNG. You will require to budget spending money for:

1) First night’s dinner. $35

2) Personal items such as laundry, phone calls, snacks, etc.

3) Alcoholic/bottled beverages and drinks including bottled water.

4) Tips. All tipping is at your discretion. $45

5) Souvenirs and handicrafts.

6) Small snacks along the Track $100 in small Kina notes 1K and 2K


If you would like to show your appreciation to the local team you may show it by providing a tip. A usual tip is approximately 90 Kina or $45, though this is at your discretion. Please give the tips to the Australian Guide who will then distribute them at the last dinner.

Note: The above mentioned tip is distributed to all the General Guides, not to the Personal Guides. If you have a Personal Guide and wish to give him a tip, that will be at your discretion and you can give the tip directly to the Personal Guide.

Please mention particular team members for good or bad performance to the Australian Guide.

The local team also appreciates gifts. If you like you can give them shoes and clothing at the end of the expedition.


Many of our trekkers want to give to local communities they pass through. We encourage this and recommend either sports balls such as tennis, soccer or Australian Rules balls. Alternatively, educational equipment such as pencils, pencil sharpeners, paper, chalk, and small chalkboards are greatly appreciated. as are teachers resources such as learning charts. As these things can weigh a fair bit, don’t overdo it or you may not get to the villages to hand them out.

As part of the No Roads Education initiative, a Kokoda Track Student Pack is available for trekkers to purchase at a cost of $30.00. The Student Pack would be taken over to PNG by the trekker and delivered on the track where resources are needed most.  If you would like more information regarding the Student Pack or wish to purchase a pack please visit the following website for more information or to make your purchase”

We discourage the handing out of balloons and lollies due to the waste issue and no dental facilities for the villagers along the track. Instead, we encourage giving away items such as toothbrushes and toothpaste.

Of course, to have a longer-lasting impact on the local communities, you could donate to the No Roads Expeditions Foundation and select a specific cause, such as the No Roads Health or the No Roads Education program found on our No Roads Foundation site.


Many of the places you will visit are pristine. As travellers, we should try to have as little impact on these natural environments as possible. As such we recommend the following:

1/ We discourage the use of soaps when washing both body and clothes. Vigorous scrubbing is usually sufficient. Even biodegradable soap is not good for any water course and as such is harmful to the eco-system. 2/ Please do not dispose of plastic bags and wrappers in either pits or in fires. These take years to degrade or let off toxic fumes when burnt. Simply put them in your pack until you return home (they can be discarded in waste bins before going through customs and immigration). 3/ Please do not dispose of batteries in country. They are extremely harmful to the environment and usually local governments do not have any means to dispose of them correctly. Return old batteries to your home country for disposal there. 4/ At campsites, use toilet facilities that are provided. If you are in the remote, walk off the track and dig a small hole approximately 15cm deep and at least 100m from any water course. If safe to do so, burn used toilet paper in the hole (toilet paper takes a long time to degrade). Once fire is out, cover with soil. In rocky and icy mountain terrain (where a hole cannot be dug), cover waste with rocks. Tampons and sanitary pads should be placed in a plastic bag and placed in the rubbish bin back at camp.

By abiding by these simple guidelines, you will be protecting the local environment for the people who live there and for their children’s children.


PNG has the same power plugs as Australia so you do not need to purchase an adapter for your electronic items.


More information and guidelines will be provided during a Trek Briefing prior to your departure for your expedition. This will be conducted in your hotel in Port Moresby, the evening of your first night in PNG. Topics discussed will include the following subjects.

  • How to walk.
  • Lodging, meals, and other conditions while on expedition.
  • Security and safety.
  • Tipping.
  • Evacuation Procedures.
  • Cultural and Environmental Considerations.
  • Other relevant information.


Please make sure you have all the items on the packing checklist before you travel to the airport for your flight to Papua New Guinea.


Upon your arrival, please go through to collect checked luggage and security, then proceed out the EXIT door. Outside you will see many people waiting for arriving passengers. Our operations staff will be there wearing a No Roads Expeditions T-shirt. Please go directly to him/her and introduce yourself. You will be taken straight to your hotel, issued rooms, time for Expedition Briefing, etc. Do let us know if there are any last-minute changes to your arrival time.

Text over Parallax
with a Vertical Scroll Motion Effect


* bagarap(im) – broken, to break down (from “bugger up”) – very widely used in Papua New Guinea* bagarap olgeta – completely broken* balus – airplane* bikpela – big* haus – house** haus meri – female domestic servant** haus moni – bank** haus sik – hospital** sit haus – toilet** haus tambaran – traditional Sepik-region house with artifacts of ancestors or for honoring ancestors; tambaran means “ancestor spirit” or “ghost”* hukim – to catch fish (from “hook”)* kaikai – food, eat* kamap – arrive, become (from “come up”)* kisim – get*

mangi – young man (from “monkey”)* maski – it doesn’t matter, don’t worry about it* manmeri – people* meri – woman (from the English name “Mary”)* olgeta – all (from “all together”)* pikinini – child (from Pacific Pidgin English, but ultimately from Portuguese influenced Lingua franca, cf, pickaninny) * Papa God – God* raus(im) – get out (from German “raus”)* sapos – if (from “suppose”)* save – know, to do habitually (from Pacific Pidgin English, but ultimately from Portuguese influenced Lingua franca, cf. “savvy”)* solwara – ocean (from “salt water”)* stap – be, stay (from “stop”)* slip – sleep, live* tasol – only (from “that’s all”)


For Australian led expeditions, your guide will be in contact with you 6-8 works prior to departure where they can further assist with any questions or advice should it be needed as additional support.

If you have any comments, questions or want more information please let us know. We are here to support you with all the information you need to help you prepare for your travels to Papua New Guinea.

Our Contact Phones & Address

Pease make sure to carry our full address with contact numbers (given at the end of this message) in case you need to contact us for any reason.


In Australia Office : (03) 95988581

24 Hr Access Peter Miller : + 61 425 726 623 Irene Miller: + 61 430 705 222

In Country Terence David Mobile : +675 72669843 Jack Deia Mobile : +675 70296867

Holiday Inn : +675 3032000

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